Different categories of Peoples or households in a rural society have been adhered with concern Gram Panchayat (GP) in diversified ways for their holistic development. In many times the local people are getting the real, inevitable and required benefits or services from (within) the Gram Panchayat. We also know that Gram Panchayat is the primary stage of Panchayat Raj System and recognized and empowered by our great Constitution of India. Where so ever, the Gram Panchayat is empowered to deliver the services with vigilant to the action under the jurisdiction as per section 44/45 of Odisha Grampanchayat rules thereby ensuring integrated Rural Development. Now keeping in view of scope of function, Power, geographical location and population of Gram Panchayat requires to be restructured. Presently action should be taken for restructuring Gram Panchayats and formation of new GPs to accelerate integrated regional development as required for the Gram Panchayat with an approved plan by the people. Ignoring above may create a gram panchayat having different Block, Tahasil & Police Station. Practically it creates hurdle in the field of development, public relation and departmental coordination etc. Accordingly it will generate possibility of square of obstacles for regional development. So the following feedbacks may be considered for the benefits of all, prior to restructuring the whole system.
Firstly; History, communism, Regional disparity and problems for delivery of services should be analyzed. Further an inventory may be prepared considering with thoughts, opinion of public with categories of villages/inhabitants, population etc.
Secondly; considering the boundaries of Block, Police Station and Tahasil, the Gram Panchayat boundary shall be demarcated and focused for equal distribution of emergency services /available resources and amenities in order to settle further new requirements. Headquarter of Gram Panchayat should be identified as where a well communication facility having equal distance from the boundary to make easy accessibility of public as well as speed up the development work.
Thirdly; based on the resolution of Palli Sabha & Gram Sabha , views of experienced elite persons, A proposed framework shall be designed by the regional development professionals, Block /Panchayat level Officers/staffs, representatives, social workers, NGOs. Prior to finalize the framework, information from line departments may be collected that what types of proposals having with the departments for the Gram Panchayat like re-demarcation of boundary of Block, Police Station, Tahasil, proposals for new Notified Area Council (NAC) etc.
After designing the framework of new and old Gram Panchayats, existing and proposed inventory of facilities and fundamental amenities shall be prepared. If the proposed inventory, mapping plan will be worked out prior to manage the community and political conflicts and thereby utilizing active community peoples participation with strengthening and accelerating the interest of representatives /experts, the facilities or benefits will be shared in a distributive justice as per geographical demarcation & demography within the GP. So it should be mandated to prepare and approve the integrated plan at grass root level for its implementation for which the public will create an new and innovative instance by involving themselves directly in the process of restructuring the Gram Panchayats, ultimately it will strengthen and upgrade the strategic capacity, skill and participation of the community in formulation and implementation of Plan.