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People of Odisha

Saturday, Jan 19 - 2013 | By Odishabook.com

The people of Odisha come from a diverse Cultural and Social background. Odisha had a high percentage of Scheduled Castes and Tribes. The Scheduled Tribes are concentrated in two belts. The northern belt comprises the district of Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar and Sundargarh. The southern belt consists of the district of Koraput, Ganjam and Phulbani. The tribals that inhabit the hinterland of the state and form the bulk of the population coming from districts like Koraput, Rayagada, Sambalpur and Malkangiri among others.

There are four cultural regions within the present boundaries of Odisha. The North-Eastern areas bordering on Bengal. The Southern parts of Ganjam and Koraput districts have a sizable Telugu. The Western districts of Sambalpur, Bolangir and Kalahandi may be said in many ways to be a cultural, linguistic with the region of Chhatisgarh of Madhya Pradesh. The fourth region may said to be the distinctive or at least the tone-setting one, in both Cultural institutions, Social customs and linguistic and literary sophistication. This region comprises the coastal districts of Balasore, Cuttack, Puri and portions of adjoining districts.

Languages:-

Odia is the regional language of Odisha. Odia has developed many linguistic variations, such as Bhatri (Koraput),Baleswari (Balasore), Laria (Sambalpur), Sambalpuri (Sambalpur and other western districts), Ganjami (Ganjam and Koraput), Chhatisgarhi (Chhatisgarh of Madhya Pradesh and adjoining areas of Odisha) and Medinipuri (Midnapur district of West Bengal). Besides, hilly regions of north and south Odisha have their own local versions of Odia with many linguistic peculiarities. Though the people also use Munda and Dravidian languages. The language is very similar to Assamese and Bengali. The tribals speak in dialects of Odia sprinkled with words from the neighbouring states, for example the tribals of Koraput, because of its proximity to Andhra will have a sprinkling of Telugu words in their dialect. In the bigger towns and cities, Hindi is understood and spoken as well as English.
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